Daily Education Center

Education is the key to unlock the golden door of freedom.

Month: November 2017

Understanding Modernization

Modernization is the process of change in the sectors of the economy, politics and social systems. These changes reflects the movement of societies from a traditional stage to a more modern phase.

How does modernization occur?

Modernization occurs through:

1. Colonialism: this is an important reason for modernization. The Indian colonial master introduced the English language which was the first sign of modernization.

2. Migration: this is also a reason for modernization. This can especially be illustrated by the migration of Europeans to the colonies in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Aspects of modernization

The following points are the basic aspects of modernization:

1. The modern way of living: this happens when the old way of living changes into a modern way. Example replacement of mat with a dining table or replacement of pitcher with a water cooler.

2. Changes in residence: for the comfort of living, some people changed their residence from wooden huts to houses made with bricks.

3. Mass media: A communicate through narration has now being replaced by newspapers and internet.

4. Urbanization: The domestic migration to cities or urban areas from rural areas. Example: Just after the independence of Pakistan, 87% population was living in villages and 12% was in cities. But presently 68% lives rural ares and 32 % can be found in urban areas. This is one of the main characteristics of modernization.

5. Change of profession. In the beginning, the economy was agrarian in nature, but in due time industrialization occurred. This is another main feature of modernization: the rapid industrialization of societies.

6. literacy and education: a situation whereby the population literacy rates increase dramatically.

7. High per capital income: the significant rise of the per capital income is important due to the higher purchasing power of the people which will, in turn, boost significant economic growth.

Economic aspects of modernization

The economic aspect of modernization can be derived from the following points:

1. Money: this takes place when the barter system has now been replaced with paper money.

2. Wage system: this happens because in traditional societies wages were not connected to time whereas in modern societies wages became related to time.

3. Communication system: communication is compulsory for economic development. because communication is important for economic, social and political functioning.

4. Technology and its application: through modernization, the technology applied in daily lives of the people has replaced the old ways of doing things with manual/animal powert.

5. Preservation of food products: the storage of food and other products and the distribution of such items in a systematic way increases the consumption and production of food products..

Political modernization

Political modernization is regarded as the result of economic development and social mobilization.

Political modernization contains three elements:

1. Validation of authority

2. Development of political participation

3. Differentiation of structure

Characteristics of political modernization

The following are the most important characteristics of political modernization:

1. It increased the influence of a single Authority: with the process of political modernization, the influence of a single authority and its agencies increased and become widespread.

2. Variation of functions: political modernization has brought a clear picture of the differentiation function.

3. Ultimate power rest with the people: political modernization can be observed with the shifting of ultimate power to the people which occurred slowly and gradually.

4. Democratic values and principles become popular: Like Nelson Mandela said: one man, one vote and regular elections to clean up the political swamp.

5. Secularization of politics: the separation of religion and state.

Why You Should Try Studying Abroad

The option to study abroad can present a wide range of beneficial experiences for the young person. One of the most appealing aspects is the ability to learn and appreciate the culture of a different country and really see how other people live. Plus, it can really help to bring out a person’s independent nature. Let’s take a look at four of the key benefits:

Discover a new country

A great reason to apply to study abroad is the opportunity to experience life in a brand-new country. This makes it possible to appreciate different activities, customs, and outlooks. In addition to studying, the time in your host country can include exploring the local landmarks, museums, natural wonders and new terrains. Also, there may be plenty of opportunities to visit neighboring countries. For instance, if you are studying in a European country, it can be very easy to reach other major cities like Rome, Barcelona, Paris and London.

Great education

The ability to study aboard makes it possible to learn a qualification or experience a different style of education that isn’t an option at home. Also, when you are away from home with fewer distractions, there is a greater chance that you will fully immerse yourself in your education.

Also, this has the potential to enhance your future career opportunities because the option to study abroad will show you have a willingness to learn, a great education, the likelihood of better language skills, and a new perspective on culture.

Experience a new culture

For many young students, this could be their first time away from home for an extended period of time. This makes it a great time to learn many new life experiences, including the local culture of the host country. Even after a short period of time in a new country, you can soon learn to appreciate and understand the local people, social atmospheres, traditions, customs, and history.

Discover new interests

A further wonderful reason to look elsewhere to study is the ability to discover new interests and activities. Many of the new things picked up in a host country may not even be possible at home. After trying out new things, there is a chance that you will find you have a talent for a local activity or sport like golf, snow skiing, water sports or hiking. Also, there will likely be plenty of fun and exciting ways to stay entertained, such as going to concerts, nightclubs, movies, or plays.

All About Teaching Method

History is the record of human past activities that are taking place on the earth surface. Teaching methods are different principles and methods that are used to instruct students in a learning environment. The methods used by a teacher will depend on the skills or information the teacher would like to convey to their students. Some of the most common teaching methods are memorization, class participation, recitation, and demonstration. While these teaching methods are widely used, every instructor has a specific teaching method. Teachers must be flexible in their methods and often adjust their style of teaching to accommodate their students.

Efficient teaching methods are essential tools that can help students achieve success in the classroom. Each student has a different personality and learning abilities. There are several factors that a teacher must consider when choosing a teaching method for their students. some determining factors for selecting a teaching method include the student’s interest and background knowledge, as well as their environment and learning abilities. Teachers also help their students learn with various aids such as Auditory, Kinesthetic, and visual aids. Instructors use these teaching methods to help students understand and complete class assignments.

Teaching method as a history often includes lesson plans that students can use to help retain and recall information. Various forms of teaching methods used with lesson plans are explanation, demonstration, and collaboration. The explanation is similar to a lecture that provides detailed information about the specific subject. Demonstrations are used to provide visual learning opportunities from different view and collaboration allows students to participate.

TYPES OF TEACHING METHODS
There are two main types of teaching methods which are a non-participatory method and participatory method. They are considered as the major categories though non-participatory methods only one type can be used which is the lecture method. This can be applied in the case of high population or large number of students in the class. The following are the major methods of teaching that are applied as the participatory methods of teaching especially in teaching history:

1. STORYTELLING METHOD – These are methods of teaching that is applied as the main method particularly in the low population classes. For instance, when teaching in the class you mainly may decide to choose some certain topic and tell the story related so as to attract the understanding of the students to understand the lesson. The teacher ensures the time scheduled in the time table and the scheme of work of the lesson plan and lesson notes are all following in a smooth.

2. DEMONSTRATION METHOD – Teaching strategies is the careful plan of actions to achieve a goal, or the art of developing, or carry out such a scheme. This is an elaborate and systematic plan of action. This is all plan made to help learners to access the information. Teaching strategies can apply for this and not for that. Teaching strategies should aim at involving audio, visual, and audiovisual and kinesthetic learning aids. The demonstration method may be applied in a small class different from lecture method that can be applied where the class population is high.

3. QUESTION AND ANSWER METHOD- These methods also refer to the system under which applied by teaching in the class to make sure that the students are memorizing and assure the understanding is becoming very high in class. The prior knowledge of the student is considered to be of very important. From this fountain is where the trench of knowledge is to dig to make a big and wide canal of knowledge. Through this means, it assures the students and the teacher to share deferments issues.

4. DEBATE METHOD – This applied by the teacher depending on the nature of the class that whoever the class is small or large, it will enable a teacher to design on the changes upon a class. For example; attaining of instructional objectives depend on the method used. If the objectives need the student to list, mention or naming then the teaching method, strategies and techniques must relate to listing, mentioning, or naming.

5. EXPLANATION METHOD – This is a method under which the instructors tend to use the lesson notes from different sources to brainstorming his or her student and assuring them to understand the lesson as well. Here the teacher act as the main instructor and the students tends to listen to him or her when explaining.

Benefit of Reading

There are so many books all over the world, covering different topics. There are fiction and the non-fiction kinds of books that suit different age groups. Reading is very important, even though many people do not seem to realize it.

In today’s society, it is important to be knowledgeable and learn as much as you can about different topics. Some of the reasons why reading is so important include:

It is fundamental to the functioning of the society today

There are so many people who are unable to read so as to understand the instructions that are indicated on different things such as medicine. This can be scary to many since it is such an important function. When you cannot read, then you may not be able to handle applications without some help. There are the warning and road signs that can be difficult to understand if you cannot read.

Landing jobs

If you want to find a good job, then reading is important. There are jobs that require one to read to be able to perform. Memos, reports, and so on have to be read, understood and then given a response. When you read widely, you become more knowledgeable and therefore you may end up impressing the panel with what you know.

Develops the mind

When you read, then you are essentially developing your own mind. The mind needs to be exercised. When you read and understand, then the ability of your mind automatically grows. When children are taught and encouraged to read extensively, then it improves their language skills. They get better at concentrating and listening. This then mold a person to be better.

Discovering new things

This is the best way in which you can discover things you had no idea about. EBooks, magazines, and all sorts of books are great tools that can be used to discover things. It is very easy to educate yourself regarding different issues and topics. In this age, there is so much information that is available out there. The only way that you can make use of this information is by actually reading it.

Developing one’s imagination

When you read, then your imagination develops in the process. In as much as computer games and television are great, they are great for amusement. This is something that does not require much thinking. As for reading, you can travel to any part of the world. You can go on adventures, take on a character, and so many other things that would have been unknown to you.

Creativity

Reading makes you more creative. When you are reading something such as a novel, you keep on thinking about how things will go in the end. You create your own storyline and regardless of whether the author thinks like you or not, every twist makes everything so much better. Even when you decide to read an inspirational book, you get challenged and you start thinking beyond your comfort zone. When you read, your self-image improves incredibly. These are some of the things that warrant a lot of reading at all times.